What is Flax Fiber | Linen Processing Steps | Properties of Flax Fiber | Uses of Flax Fiber

Flax Fiber:

Flax fiber was probably the first plant based fibre to be used for making textiles. Flax fibres is obtained from the stem of an annual plant Linum ustatissimum. During 17th century, flax from Germany was the raw material for a flourishing linen industry.  Flax is also known as linen. Today fibre is mainly grown in Europe regions. The flax plant is an annual that reaches 90-120 cm(3-4 ft.). In flax plant, one-quarter of the stem consists of fibre.


flax fibre images



Linen(Flax) Processing Steps:

Processing of flax fiber involves following process:-

  

Properties of Flax Fiber:

This section will include the flax fibre properties such as physical properties of flax fibre, thermal properties of flaxchemical nature of flax and mechanical properties of flax fibre.

  1. Tensile Strength of flax fiber:- Flax is a stronger fibre than cotton. It has an average tenacity of about 57.4 cN/tex (5.8 g/dtex).
  2. Elongation:- Flax is an inextensible fibre. It slightly increases on applying tension. The elongation at break is approximately 1.8 per cent dry, and 2.2 per cent wet.
  3. Elastic Properties:- With its small degree of stretch, flax is an elastic fibre.
  4. Specific Gravity:- Specific gravity of flax fibre is 1.54.
  5. Effects of Moisture:- flax has a regain figure of about 12 per cent.
  6. Effect of Heat:- Highly resistant to decomposition up to about 120°C, when fibre begins to discolour.
  7. Effect of Sunlight:- Gradual loss of strength on exposure.
  8. Effect of Acids:- Flax can withstand dilute weak acids, but is attacked by hot diet acids or cold concentrated acids.
  9. Effect of Alkalis:- Flax has a good resistance to alkaline solutions.
  10. Effects of micro-organisms:- flax has high resistant to contamination  due to micro-organisms when it is dry.


Uses of Flax Fiber:-

flax fibre uses in following:
  • In making tent canvas, fishing lines and book binders.
  • Leather working thread are still produced from flax.
  • Used for making Furnishing Fabrics, Writing and Cigarette papers.
  • Making of Towel.
  • linen sheets.
  • linen garments.



What is Flax Fiber | Linen Processing Steps | Properties of Flax Fiber | Uses of Flax Fiber What is Flax Fiber | Linen Processing Steps | Properties of Flax Fiber | Uses of Flax Fiber Reviewed by Suraj Gupta on June 06, 2020 Rating: 5

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